Foot Pain Causes
Foot pain causes can be numerous, including Plantar Fasciitis, Bunion, Flatfeet, Corns and Calluses, Tendinitis, Plantar Warts, Reactive Arthritis, Morton’s Neuroma, Bursitis, Ingrown Toenails, Sprains and Strains, Sprained Ankle, Bone Spurs, and many more.
Following are the main foot pain causes:
A bunion is a bony bump formed on the joint at the base of big toe. When your big toe pushes against your toe, a bunion forms and forces the joint of your big toe to stick out.
Plantar Fasciitis causes heel pain and involves pain and inflammation of a thick band of tissue dubbed as the plantar fascia. Plantar fasciitis connects heel bone to toes. Plantar fasciitis is particularly common in runners, obese, and wear non-supportive shoes.
Gout occurs due to sudden attacks of pain, redness and tenderness in the joints, mostly at the base of the big toe. Gout is a complex form of arthritis and anyone can be affected by it.
You get flatfeet if the inside arches of your feet are flattened. Flatfeet allows the soles of your feet to touch the floor while you are standing up. Flatfeet develops in your feet after an injury or from the stresses of wear-and-tear. Flatfeet causes problems to ankles and knees as it alters the alignment of your legs.
Corns & Calluses
Hardened layers of skin that can be developed when skin attempts to protect itself against friction and pressure can cause corns and calluses. Developed on feet and toes, or hands and fingers, corns and calluses make an obnoxious sight.
Inflammation or irritation of a tendon, the thick fibrous cords attaching muscle to bone, can cause tendinitis. Some common names for various tendinitis problems are as the following: Tennis elbow, Golfer’s elbow, Pitcher’s shoulder, Swimmer’s shoulder, and Jumper’s knee.
Plantar Warts are usually hard, grainy growths occurred on heels or balls of feet. This pressure may also result in callus. Plantar warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The virus can enter body through tiny cuts on the bottom of your feet.
Reactive Arthritis is a joint pain occurred due to an infection in the part of your body such as intestines, genitals, or urinary tract. Knees and joints of the ankles and feet can be the primary targets of reactive arthritis.
Morton’s Neuroma affects the ball of foot covering the area between third and fourth toes. Thickening of the tissue around one of the nerves connecting to toes can lead to Morton’s neuroma.
Bursitis is an ankle pain affecting the small, fluid-filled sacs, bursae, tendons and muscles near your joints. Inflamed bursae can cause bursitis.
Osteoarthritis is a common form of arthritis and occurs when the cartilage on the ends of bones wears down over time. This affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.
Growth of a toenail into the soft flesh of your foot causes ingrown toenails which can result in extreme pain, redness, swelling and, infection.
Achilles Tendinitis occurs because of an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon which is the band of tissue connecting calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to heel bone.
Achilles Tendon is a strong fibrous cord connecting the muscles in the back of your calf to your heel bone. Over-stretching of Achilles tendon causes rupture.
When the ball of your foot gets inflammation, metatarsalgia occurs and causes severe foot pain. Running, jumping, and loose-fitting shoes can cause metatarsalgia.
Septic Arthritis is a painful joint infection caused by germs travelling through blood-stream from another part of body. Septic arthritis can also occur when a penetrating injury delivers germs directly into the joint. Septic arthritis can affect knees, shoulders, hips and other joints. Septic arthritis can ultimately damage the cartilage and bone within the joint.
Sprains & Strains
Sprains and Strains are common injuries involving different parts of body. A sprain occurs due to stretching or tearing of ligaments. The common place for a sprain is in the ankle. A strain is also an abnormal stretching or tearing of tendon, a fibrous cord of tissue.
Repetitive application of force causes bone cracks. These stress fractures occur from the use of a weakened bone by a condition such as osteoporosis.
Sprained Ankle occurs due to rolling, twisting and turning of ankles in a highly awkward way that can cause unwanted stretching and tearing of the ligaments which hold ankle bones. Ligaments functions as a firm help to stabilize joints and prevent this kind of excessive movement. A sprained ankle happens when the ligaments are forcibly moved beyond normal scope of motion.
Bone Spurs are projections developed along the edges of bones. The main cause of bone spurs is the damage of joints associated with osteoarthritis.
Pseudogout is another form of arthritis occurred due to sudden, painful swelling in your joints.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the small joints in hands and feet. Rheumatoid arthritis causes a swelling that can trigger bone erosion and joint deformity.
Broken Ankle / Foot
Broken Ankle / Foot can be experienced during a a sudden fall, car crash, or from a misstep.