Lymphedema Causes and Treatment2019-07-15T17:52:08-04:00

What is Lymphedema?

Lymphedema is a condition of localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a compromised lymphatic system, which normally returns interstitial fluid to the thoracic duct, then the bloodstream. The condition can be inherited or can be caused by a birth defect, though it is frequently caused by cancer treatments and by parasitic infections. Lymphedema develops most often in one arm or leg, but may be present in both arms and both legs. It may also occur in hands or feet, and even in chest, back, neck, face, abdomen and genitals. Lymphedema can be managed with early diagnosis and by certain treatment programs for the affected area.

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What kinds of medical compression stockings are available?2019-03-11T16:15:17-04:00

Compression stockings come in different length types (bellow the knee, thigh and pantyhose), foot styles (closed or open toe) and compression range, which is measured in mmHg (millimetres of mercury). There are designated medical indications for each compression class:

Light compression -10-20mmHg- used for mild varicosity, often purchased over the counter.

Moderate compression – 20-30mmHg (CCL1) – used in relation to a conditions of the superficial veins. Post-surgical, minor varicosities, minor ankle, leg and foot swelling, heaviness and fatigue in legs, post sclerotherapy, initial varicosities or prophylactic treatment during pregnancy, superficial thrombophlebitis, hereditary disposition toward vein disease.

Strong compression – 30-40mmHg (CCL 2) – used for conditions within the superficial and deep systems. Moderate varicosities and edema, lymphatic edema, management and prevention of venous ulcers, orthostatic hypotension, post-surgical, post-sclerotherapy, effective scar formation after burns, pregnancy with previous phlebitis, stasis dermatitis due to CVI.

Very strong -40-50mmHg (CCL3) – used for advanced conditions and chronic venous insufficiency or venous ulceration.  Severe varicosities, severe edema, lymphatic edema, management of venous ulcers, post- phlebitis syndrome, chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), reversible lymphedema, venous ulcers, post-surgery, orthostatic hypotension.

What do medical compression stockings treat?2019-03-11T16:14:32-04:00

The compression garments help minimize and control swelling and pain, and are designed to treat a wide variety of vein disorders such as: lymphedema, edema, leg swellingvenous insufficiency, varicose veins, diabetes, Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), prevention of venous ulcers, etc.

How can I get medical compression stockings?2019-03-11T16:13:44-04:00

Consult with your primary care provider, physician or vascular specialist – they can prescribe necessary compression garment for you. Compression garments are usually sold at medical supply stores, clinics and some pharmacies. It is highly recommended to see a Certified Compression Garments Fitter when buying your compression garment – they will properly measure you, determine the right size and suggest the choice of garments to best fit your lifestyle and preferences.

Why do you need medical compression stockings?2019-03-11T16:13:02-04:00

Compression garments provide external support to vein walls and work in conjunction with the calf muscle pump. They help minimize and control swelling and leg pain, increase blood flow velocity, counteract raised venous pressure, preventing edema and venous hypertension. If you stand for long hours every day, sit for extended hours, or face surgical-recovery period, compression stockings can alleviate pain and make your everyday life quite comfortable and relaxed. Unless otherwise instructed by a medical professional, stockings should be worn during the day, while you are active.

What are the medical compression stockings?2019-03-11T16:11:24-04:00

Compression stockings are a specialized hosiery designed to help prevent the occurrence of, and guard against further progression of, venous disorders such as edema, phlebitis and thrombosis. Compression stockings are elastic garments that apply pressure gradually –greatest at the ankle and decreases proportionately up the limb, worn around the leg, compressing the limb.

Compression stockings and socks nowadays are very fashionable and look just like regular hosiery and dress socks.

At Comfort Clinic, we carry compression stockings in wide range of styles, knits, textures and fashionable colors – for both women and men. Our certified compression garments fitters will recommend compression product to best suit your needs, select proper size and length to achieve the perfect anatomical fit.

What is ted hose compression?2019-03-11T16:09:21-04:00

Thrombo-Embolic Deterrent Hose (T.E.D) or anti-embolism stockings 10-20mmHg (ideally 18mmHg at the ankle, 14mmHg at the calf) – for use by the non-ambulatory (bed or wheelchair confined) user to prevent clotting and embolism (vein obstruction). Teds are of little therapeutic value to the ambulatory (active) user.

Do I need to consult a specialist before buying my compression garment?2019-03-08T14:27:03-04:00

Simply put – yes. Even though compression stockings and socks look a lot like regular ones nowadays, they don’t fit the same way. The size of your ankles, calves, thighs, the length of your legs, as well as the compression strength must be used to determine the proper size of your compression garment. Poorly fitted compression stockings may be simply ineffective and, in some cases, even harmful. Compression Garments Fitters are trained specialists who have an extensive knowledge of compression therapy, fitting techniques and compression garments. They will measure you, select the right product and educate you on proper use, application and care.

Who needs to wear compression stockings or socks?2019-03-11T16:17:44-04:00

People with certain leg problems or at risk for blood clots in the legs, known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) must wear compression garments. These clots can also develop as a result of prolonged bed rest (such as after surgery), sitting for long periods (such as on a plane, at work, etc.), use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy, pregnancy, family history of DVT, inflammatory bowel disease, and certain genetic clotting disorders. Other groups that can benefit from wearing compression stockings include people with varicose veins, venous leg ulcers, or leg swelling (edema), as well as those with circulatory problems. People who spend a lot of time on their feet will find that the stockings improve comfort. They’re also popular among some athletes, such as runners and basketball players.

What is the difference between anti-embolism and graduated compression stockings?2019-03-08T14:27:03-04:00

Anti-embolism stockings (TED) are designed specifically for non-mobile patients or those confined to a bed to prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis. Ted stockings are not gradient: the same compression throughout the length of the garment and offer minimal compression 8-18mmHg (millimeters of mercury). Graduated compression stockings are medically therapeutic and designed for people who are mobile. They offer graduated compression, starting at the ankle and decreasing proximally. Compression levels range up to 50+mmHg. Greater compression is often necessary due to the increased effects of gravity on the circulatory system in a mobile patient.

How compression stockings work?2019-03-08T14:27:03-04:00

Graduated compression stockings and socks provide necessary external support to the vein walls and work in conjunction with calf muscle pump. Compression stockings provide circulation while helping to minimize and control leg and ankle swelling.

There are two  types of lymphedema: primary and secondary. Primary lymphedema is caused by malformations of lymphatic system present at birth or develop later, often during puberty or pregnancy. Secondary lymphedema can be a result of damage to the lympfatic system. Surgical procedures such as mastectomy, lympectomy, radiation, traumatic injury, infection or severe chronic venous insufficiency are most common causes.

Lymphedema TreatmentLymphedema Causes and Treatment in Oakville, Ontario

Since there is no cure for lymphedema, the goal of treatment is to reduce the swelling and to maintain the reduction. Treatment works in two phases, and consists of four components:
Manual lymph drainage – performed by specially trained therapists, moves the lymph fluid out of the affected region and reduces the swelling.
Compression garments – once the swelling is reduced, the patient is fitted with graduated compression garment. Patients should use compression garments continuously during the day. To encourage compliance, the elastic compression garments must fit appropriately.
Hygiene and skin care – appropriate skin care and debridement are stressed in the treatment of lymphedema, to prevent recurrent cellulitis or lymphangitis.
Self-manual lymph drainage and exercises  – to assure continued success.
Treatment procedures such as diuretics or surgery are not appropriate for lymphedema, as neither of them have proven successful.

At Comfort Clinic, we offer a complete line of high quality, comfortable, durable and fashionable compression garments such as compression stockings for lymphedema, compression sleeves for lymphedema, leg and arm compression wrap-around, hand gauntlets and gloves, circular knit compression stockings for lymphedema, and flat knit compression stockings for lymphedema (custom made) to keep the swelling down, improve circulation and prevent re-accumulation of lymph fluid. Measurements are taken by our certified compression garments fitters to ensure garments fit properly. They will also educate you on self application and care for your garments to make your lymphedema management easy and effective.

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